As I continue to revamp my (weak) reading skills in French I have taken to reading Romans in the Segond 21 (LG21) translation while consulting Nouvelle Edition de Genève (NEG1979). I noticed something interesting tonight in Romans 1:3-4 that exposes the interpretive framework of the LG21. In the GNT it reads, περὶ τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ, τοῦ γενομένου ἐκ σπέρματος Δαυὶδ κατὰ σάρκα, τοῦ ὁρισθέντος υἱοῦ θεοῦ ἐν δυνάμει κατὰ πνεῦμα ἁγιωσύνης ἐξ ἀναστάσεως νεκρῶν. Paul says that his Gospel is “about his Son, the one born of the seed of David according to the flesh.” Sometimes this passage is taken to be an indirect claim to deity, i.e., Jesus is the Son of God in one sense according to the flesh, which implies he is the Son of God in another sense as well.
Of course, Romans 4:1 asks whether or not Abraham can be called “our forefather, according to the flesh,” i.e., is our relationship to Abraham biological/genetic, primarily? This doesn’t imply deity, but the question is asking if there is another sense in which Abraham may be called “forefather,” so this may allow for Romans 1:3 to be hinting at another way to call Jesus the “Son of God.” I don’t know.
It appears that the LG21 understands Romans 3:1 to be addressing Jesus’ “dual nature.” It reads, «Il concerne son Fils que, en tant qu’homme, est né de la descendance de David.» My translation: “It [the Gospel] concerning his Son who, as a man, is born of David.” It is v. 4 that makes the LG21 interpretation more obvious: «et qui, du point de vue de l’Esprit saint, a été déclare Fils de Dieu avec puissant par sa résurrection.» My translation: “…and which, from the point of view of the holy Spirit, was declared Son of God with power by the resurrection.”
In the LG21 Jesus is the Son according to the flesh and the Son of God “from the point of view of the holy Spirit.” The NEG1979 reads, «il concerne son FIls, né de la postérité de David, selon la chair, déclaré Fils de Dieu avec puissance, selon l’Esprit de sainteté, par sa resurrection d’entre les morts.» My translation: it [the Gospel] concern his Son, born of the posterity of David, according to the flesh, declared Son of God with power, by the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.”